Key risks

Risks associated with the Long-Term Development Programme

The key risks associated with the Long-Term Development Programme until 2025 are identified based on their impact on the Company’s performance. Then, they are decomposed as risk factors by business line.

Risk factor group Risk factor description Mitigants
Macroeconomic Weaker than forecasted macroeconomic performance and lower freight volumes, including as a result of more rigorous sanctions

Keeping in constant touch with the Government and key customers to provide them with complete and objective information about potential adverse effects of the adopted decisions

Efficiency improvement initiatives, long-term contracts with suppliers

Resolutions to provide development institutions with additional liquidity

Higher than expected growth of prices for consumed products, including petroleum products and electricity
State regulation No government resolutions on long-term financing of the railway transport development or a failure to implement such resolutions

Searching for alternative sources and tools of financing

Optimising technical solutions for capital investment projects

Breaking down projects into stages with their subsequent implementation in the order of priority

Keeping in constant touch with the Government and key customers to provide them with complete and objective information about potential adverse effects of the adopted decisions for Russian Railways

Changes in the regulatory framework / regulations providing support to other transport modes weakening the competitiveness of railway transport
Liberalisation of the railway passenger transportation market
Liberalisation of the railway freight transportation market
Reduced public financing
A gap between the existing regulatory framework and ongoing railway transformations
Market Significant changes in cargo types and transportation routes versus the forecast

Building long-term relations with customers and improving consumer feedback strategies

Enhancing market flexibility and expanding business in deregulated segments

Strengthening logistics capacities to satisfy customer demand for comprehensive services

Implementing the initiatives included in the Comprehensive Plan for Upgrading and Expanding Core Infrastructure

Investment Insufficient investment in infrastructure development Optimising technical solutions
Failure to comply with the investment programme implementation schedule Improving the investment project management framework
Tax Higher tax burden driven by tighter fiscal policies in Russia amidst social and economic uncertainties Staying in constant contact with the federal and regional tax authorities
Management Insufficient management competencies Improving the management framework
HR Deficit of qualified staff due to the insufficient competitiveness of Russian Railways as an employer

Keeping compensation on a level above the Russian average for a competitive employee value proposition

Offering staff development opportunities in line with best practices in training

Implementing dedicated social programmes

Developing a compensation and benefits package that meets employee needs

Stronger competition in the labour market on the back of a decrease in Russia’s working population in the medium term
R&D and technology Weaker competitiveness of the railway transport due to a technology gap with other modes of transport Implementing the Comprehensive Innovative Development Programme of Russian Railways Group
Underperformance in adoption and utilisation of innovative R&D solutions
Insufficient cooperation with global railway engineering leaders
Technology Slower debottlenecking at associated transport facilities (port capacities, warehouse terminals) versus the forecasts contained in the Company’s investment programme Keeping in constant touch with the operators of associated transport modes to synchronise the investment programmes
Failure to meet the freight transportation market needs due to the inefficient freight railcar fleet Cooperating with rolling stock operators to improve railcar fleet management efficiency

The most significant of them are:

  • insufficient revenue rate growth below the indexation of tariffs amid growing prices for products consumed by Russian Railways;
  • no government resolutions on longterm financing of the railway transport development or a failure to implement such resolutions;
  • significant changes in freight and passenger transportation markets with a contracting share of the Russian Railways Group across transportation segments.

To prevent these risks and respond to them in a timely manner, Russian Railways maintains an ongoing dialogue with government authorities and key customers keeping them informed about potential adverse effects of the adopted decisions. To mitigate potential negative risk impacts, the Company enhances its customer focus and the quality of services while also running an efficiency improvement programme.

Russian Railways’ risk profileThe Annual Report does not include a comprehensive description of all risks which might affect the Company’s activity. Other risks not mentioned in this Report may also be material and considerably undermine the Company’s performance., which is generally unchangeable in spite of changing internal and external environment, reflects its strong focus on key business lines and continuous improvement of risk management practices to ensure the Company’s ability to work towards its ambitious goals amid constantly changing external environment.